Главная \ Актеры \ Ф..Я \ Чарлтон Хестон / Charlton Heston
|Чарлтон Хестон / Charlton Heston|
4 октября 1924 - 5 апреля 2008
Место рождения: Эванстон, Иллинойс, США
Будущий актер заинтересовался актерским ремеслом еще до войны, сыграв заглавную роль в любительской постановке «Пер Гюнта». Во время Второй мировой войны служил пилотом на Алеутских островах. Одно время работал фотомоделью в Нью-Йорке, где встретил свою будущую жену, которая тоже работала манекенщицей. В 1948 г. дебютировал в бродвейском спектакле «Антоний и Клеопатра».
Сыграв мстителя в триллере жанра нуар «Темный город» (1950) и американского Маугли в «Дикаре» (1952), высокий, мускулистый актер с квадратной челюстью, яркими голубыми глазами и лаконичной манерой речи был замечен голливудскими продюсерами и стал соперничать с Бертом Ланкастером за роли «исторических плейбоев», которые требовали от актера появления в кадре с голым торсом.
После того как оскароносный блокбастер «Величайшее шоу мира» (1952) выдвинул Хестона в число первых актеров Голливуда, он избрал для себя весьма специфический типаж. Будучи атеистом, Ланкастер отказывался сниматься в ролях библейских персонажей, и эти роли неизменно перепадали Хестону. Он создал впечатляющую галерею легендарных фигур мировой истории, которым придавал несгибаемые нравственные убеждения. Таковы Моисей в «Десяти заповедях» (1956) и Бен Гур в одноименном блокбастере 1959 года, за который Хестону досталась премия «Оскар». За этими последовали и другие, не менее харизматичные фигуры — Иоанн Креститель, Сид, Микеланджело и т. д.
В 1968 г. Хестон довольно неожиданно сыграл главную роль в фантастическом фильме «Планета обезьян» (за камео в современном римейке этого фильма он был «удостоен» «Золотой малины»). Именно благодаря этой роли он стал известен новому поколению зрителей, а в 1970-е закрепил свой отход от исторических ролей многочисленными работами в новом для Голливуда жанре фильма-катастрофы. С избранием в президенты Рональда Рейгана актер, ранее известный своими демократическими убеждениями, проявил себя как республиканец консервативного толка. Он прекращает сниматься и с головой уходит в политику.
Излечившись от обнаруженного в 1998 г. рака простаты, Хестон в последнее время избегает появлений на публике по причине прогрессирующей болезни Альцгеймера.
Went to British Columbia to promote guns, arguing it is man's "God-given right" to own guns.
Alumnus of New Trier Township High School East, Winnetka, Illinois, where tennis was among his extracurricular activities. Other New Trier graduates include Ralph Bellamy, Rock Hudson, Hugh O'Brien, Ann-Margret, Bruce Dern, Penelope Milford, Virginia Madsen and Liz Phair.
Ranked #28 in Empire (UK) magazine's "The Top 100 Movie Stars of All Time" list. [October 1997]
Originally a Democrat who campaigned for Presidential candidates Adlai Stevenson and John F. Kennedy, he gradually switched to becoming a conservative Republican during the 1960s.
Father of director Fraser Clarke Heston and Holly Heston Rochell.
Elected 1st Vice-President of the National Rifle Association of America (1997).
Co-chairman of the American Air Museum in Britain.
Elected President of the National Rifle Association of America. [June 1998]
Was president of the Screen Actors Guild from 1966-1971.
Has stated that he sees no contradiction with his work as a Civil Rights activist in the 1960s and his advocacy for gun ownership rights in the 1990s, insisting that he is simply promoting "freedom in the truest sense."
Volunteered his time and effort to the Civil Rights movement in the 1960s, and even marched alongside the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. on a number of occasions, including the 1963 March on Washington. In the original (uncut) version of King: A Filmed Record... Montgomery to Memphis (1970), he appears as a narrator.
He and his wife, Lydia Clarke, both battled cancer recently; he, prostate cancer and she, breast cancer. Both are now in remission.
He was considered, along with English actor Ronnie Barker, for the role of Claudius in the British series "I, Claudius" (1976) (mini), but the role went to the less famous Derek Jacobi instead.
On August 9, 2002, he issued a statement in which he advised his physicians have recently told him he may have a neurological disorder whose symptoms are consistent with Alzheimer's disease.
Elected as the president of the National Rifle Association, he was re-elected to an unprecedented 4th 3-year term in 2001.
After his starring role in the 1968 version of Planet of the Apes (1968), he had an uncredited cameo in the 2001 remake, Planet of the Apes (2001), as Gen. Thade's dying father.
His professional name of Charlton Heston came from a combination of his mother's maiden name (Lila Charlton) and his stepfather's last name (Chester Heston).
Prior to starring in The Omega Man (1971), a remake of Vincent Price's film The Last Man on Earth (1964), Heston and Price appeared together in Cecil B. DeMille's The Ten Commandments (1956).
Said that Planet of the Apes (1968) was the most physically demanding film he had ever done.
He and Linda Harrison are the only actors to appear in both the 1968 and 2001 versions of "Planet of the Apes."
After their son was born, they decided to adopt their next child so that they could be sure it would be a girl. Heston and his wife felt that one son and one daughter made the perfect family.
His wife calls him Charlie, but everyone else calls him Chuck
Two grandsons: John (Jack) Alexander Clarke Heston & Ridley Charlton Rochell.
His favorite food is peanut butter, and he takes it with him everywhere, even overseas.
He was voted the 52nd Greatest Movie Star of all time by Entertainment Weekly.
Was not hesitant about repeating roles: Played Ben Hur in Ben-Hur (1959) (live action) and Ben Hur (2003) (TV) (animated); Andrew Jackson in the biography The President's Lady (1953), then in The Buccaneer (1958); Marc Antony in Julius Caesar (1970) and Antony and Cleopatra (1972). (Richelieu does not count, as The Three Musketeers (1973) and The Four Musketeers (1974) were filmed at the same time.).
A frail-looking Heston was presented with a Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation's highest civilian award, at the White House by George W. Bush in July, 2003.
Was considered for the role of "Police Chief Brody" in Jaws (1975), but both he and Oliver Reed turned it down. The part eventually went to Roy Scheider.
Was the original choice to star in Alexander the Great (1956), but declined so he could play Moses in The Ten Commandments (1956). The part eventually went to Richard Burton.
Was asked by some Democrats to run for the California State Senate in 1969, but declined because he wanted to continue acting.
First recipient of the American Film Institute's Charlton Heston Award, created in 2003. The second recipient was his close friend Jack Valenti in 2004.
He turned down the role of Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell in Steven Spielberg's 1941 (1979) because he felt the film was an insult to World War II veterans.
While they were starring in a play together in 1960, Laurence Olivier told Heston that he had the potential to become the greatest American actor of the century. When the play received unfavorable notices, Heston said, "I guess you learn to forget bad notices?", to which Olivier replied, "What's more important, laddie, and much harder -- learn to forget good notices."
In 1999 he joined Karl Malden in pressing for an honorary Academy Award for Lifetime Achievement to be awarded to veteran director Elia Kazan. Marlon Brando, who never made public appearances, refused to present the award so Robert De Niro and Martin Scorsese ultimately did.
Was chosen to portray Moses in The Ten Commandments (1956) by Cecil B. DeMille because he bore an uncanny resemblance to the statue of Moses carved by Michelangelo.
While studying acting early in his career, he made ends meet by posing as a model in New York at The Art Students League, across from Carnegie Hall. The lure to Hollywood and a contract soon ended his modeling days.
When his TV series "The Colbys" (1985) was canceled, both he and fellow cast members John James and Emma Samms were offered contracts to continue playing their characters on "Dynasty" (1981), the series that "The Colbys" was spun off from. Heston ultimately declined because his salary demands could not be met. James and Samms, on the other hand, accepted contracts.
Was unable to use his real name, John (Charles) Carter as an actor because it bore too close a resemblance to the name of the hero in Edgar Rice Burroughs' novel "Princess of Mars."
Offered to return his entire paycheck to the producers of Major Dundee (1965) so that director Sam Peckinpah could film some crucial scenes that were cut due to time and budget constraints. The producers took back Heston's paycheck but still refused to let the scenes be filmed. Heston wrote in his autobiography "In The Arena" (1995) that the main problem with Major Dundee (1965) was that everyone had a different idea of what the film was: Heston saw it as a film about life after the Civil War, the producers just wanted a standard cavalry-vs.-Indians film, while Peckinpah, according to Heston, really had his next film, The Wild Bunch (1969), in mind.
Heston is a popular actor in Greece, where his name is written as "Charlton Easton" due to "Heston" having scatological connotations in the Greek language.
He and The Big Country (1958) co-star Gregory Peck both played the infamous Nazi war criminal, Dr. Josef Mengele: Heston in My Father, Rua Alguem 5555 (2003) and Peck in The Boys from Brazil (1978).
John Wayne offered Heston the role of Jim Bowie in The Alamo (1960), but he declined due to the political implications of the film.
In 1981, Heston was named co-chairman of President Ronald Reagan's Task Force for the Arts and Humanities. He served on the National Council for the Arts and was elected president of the Screen Actors Guild six times.
A World War II U.S. Army veteran, he visited troops fighting during the Vietnam War in 1966.
Recipient of Kennedy Center honors in 1997, along with Lauren Bacall, Bob Dylan, Jessye Norman and Edward Villella.
On 18 June 1968, Heston appeared on "The Joey Bishop Show" (1967) and, along with Gregory Peck, James Stewart and Kirk Douglas, called for gun controls following the assassination of Senator Robert F. Kennedy. Ironically, thirty years later, Heston was elected President of the National Rifle Association of America (NRA) and campaigned against gun control.
In 2000 he surprised the Oxford Union by reading his address on gun laws from a teleprompter. This later sparked rumors he had known of his Alzheimer's long before he announced it to the world in August 2002.
He campaigned for Republican candidates Ronald Reagan in 1984, George Bush in 1988 and George W. Bush in 2000.
He is an opponent of abortion and gave the introduction to an anti-abortion documentary by Bernard Nathanson called Eclipse of Reason (1980) which focuses on late-term abortions.
Heston served on the Advisory Board of Accuracy in the Media (AIM), a conservative media "watchdog" group founded by the late Reed Irvine.
He retired as President of the National Rifle Association in April 2003, citing reasons of ill health.
Along with Tony Curtis, Heston admitted to voting for Russell Crowe to win the Best Actor Oscar in 2001, saying before the ceremony, "I hope he gets it. He's very good."
Heston's portrayal of William F. Cody in Pony Express (1953), a western from early in his career, inspired the Bills, a Congolese youth cult that idolized American westerns.
Accepted the role in Ben-Hur (1959) after Burt Lancaster turned it down.
Has two films on the American Film Institute's 100 Most Inspiring Movies of All Time. They are The Ten Commandments (1956) at #79 and Ben-Hur (1959) at #56.
The actors he admired the most were Gary Cooper, Henry Fonda, Clark Gable, Cary Grant and James Stewart.
Turned down the role of "Livius" in The Fall of the Roman Empire (1964), which was subsequently played by his Ben-Hur (1959) co-star Stephen Boyd.
Was considered for the role of Jor-El in Superman (1978). The part went to Marlon Brando instead.
Although Heston was a lifelong non-smoker, he did hold a pipe in some early publicity photographs because both Clark Gable and Cary Grant smoked pipes.
Turned down the role of Livius in The Fall of the Roman Empire (1964), which was subsequently played by his Ben-Hur (1959) co-star Stephen Boyd.
He was a friend of the author Patrick O'Brian, who in turn envisaged Heston playing his character Captain Jack Aubrey.
His classmates at Northwestern University included Cloris Leachman, Paul Lynde, Charlotte Rae, Martha Hyer, Patricia Neal and Agnes Nixon.
Was an avid runner, swimmer and tennis player in his youth.
In 1996 Heston attended the Conservative Political Action Conference, an annual gathering of conservative movement organizations. There he agreed to pose for a group photo that included Gordon Lee Baumm, the founder of the Council of Conservative Citizens (CCC) and former White Citizens Council organizer. Virginia's conservative Republican Senator George Allen also appears in the photo which was published in the Summer 1996 issue of the CCC's newsletter, the Citizens Informer.
Turned down an offer to co-star with Marilyn Monroe in Let's Make Love (1960) in order to be directed in a play by Laurence Olivier, whom he greatly admired.
Was offered the role of Colonel Benjamin Vandervoort in The Longest Day (1962), but John Wayne signed for the part before Heston could accept.
Turned down Gregory Peck's role in The Omen (1976).
Cited actor Gary Cooper as a childhood role model. Heston starred opposite Cooper in The Wreck of the Mary Deare (1959). Heston commended Cooper for being able to perform his own stunts, such as being under water for long periods of time, despite being in poor health and getting older.
Though often portrayed as an ultra-conservative, Heston wrote in his 1995 autobiography "In the Arena" that he was opposed to the McCarthy witch hunts of the 1950s, was against the Vietnam War and thought President Richard Nixon was bad for America.
Neighbors who live down the hill from Heston filed a lawsuit against the actor, alleging their property was damaged in January 2005 when heavy rain sent hillside debris pouring into their home. The lawsuit alleges that "slope failure" on Heston's property caused substantial damage to their home, diminishing the market value of their property. The couple seek at least $1.2 million, as well as punitive damages. Jeff Briggs, Heston's attorney, said the actor owns ten per cent of the hillside, while the neighbors own the rest. (3 January 2007).
Hosted "Saturday Night Live" (1975) in 1993.
He wore a hairpiece in every movie from Skyjacked (1972) onwards.
He defended some of his less successful films in the mid-1960s, arguing that he had already made several million dollars and therefore wanted to concentrate on projects which interested him personally.
During the Waco standoff in 1993, Heston was hired by the FBI to provide the voice of God when talking to David Koresh in an attempt to reason with him. The plan was never used.
Participated in the March on Washington for Civil Rights on 28 August 1963, along with Burt Lancaster, Marlon Brando, Sidney Poitier, Bob Dylan and Harry Belafonte.
Heston has often been compared with his friend Ronald Reagan. Both actors started out as liberal Democrats but gradually converted to conservative Republicans, both served as Presidents of the Screen Actors Guild, both went into politics (Reagan as President of the United States from 1981 to 1989 and Heston as President of the National Rifle Association from 1998 to 2003), and both suffered from Alzheimer's disease in later life. Heston attended Reagan's state funeral on 11 June 2004.
Attended the funeral of Lew Wasserman in June 2002.
Attended the second inauguration of Ronald Reagan as President of the United States of America, along with Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin and Ray Charles. (20 January 1985).
He was unable to campaign for Lyndon Johnson in the 1964 presidential election when Major Dundee (1965) went over schedule. Heston later admitted in his autobiography "In the Arena" (1995) that it was here that his political beliefs began moving to the Right.
Unlike many of his contemporaries, Heston continued to act on the stage. He appeared in "Long Day's Journey Into Night" opposite Deborah Kerr, "Macbeth" opposite Vanessa Redgrave and "The Caine Mutiny" with Ben Cross. His final stage role was opposite his wife Lydia Clarke in "Love Letters" at the Haymarket Theatre in London in the summer of 1999.
In his youth he used an iron bar attached to a wall to do pull ups and chin ups in order to develop his biceps and triceps.
Cited Will Penny (1968) as his personal favorite film from his career.
Missed the start of his presentation at The 44th Annual Academy Awards (1972) (TV), because of a flat tire on the Santa Monica freeway. Clint Eastwood stood in for him, and before Eastwood finished the speech that Heston was due to give, Heston arrived, to some audience laughter and enjoyment.
Turned down Gary Cooper's role in High Noon (1952).
Somewhat ironically, Heston was a vocal supporter of the Gun Control Act of 1968, signed into law by President Lyndon Johnson.
In the animated television show "Family Guy" (1999), Heston is accidentally shot by character Joe Swanson. Joe is horrified and apologizes profusely. As he collapses, Heston replies "That's OK son - it's your right as an American citizen!".
He was considered for the role of Pike Bishop in Sam Peckinpah's The Wild Bunch (1969). The role went to William Holden instead.
Had a hip replacement in 1998.
Reports at the time suggested that Heston badly wanted to play Sir Thomas More in A Man for All Seasons (1966). The part went to Paul Scofield instead.
Named The Call of the Wild (1972) as his worst movie.
Tried to revive the play "Mister Roberts" in the early 1990s, but was unsuccessful.
In April 2003 10-foot-tall bronze statue of Heston was erected in front of the NRA's national headquarters in Washington, D.C., in character from Will Penny (1968), in full cowboy gear holding a handgun.
Owns more than 400 modern and antique guns.
Heston's Hollywood mansion is filled with memorabilia from his career. He and his wife have lived in the same house near Los Angeles's Mulholland Drive for more than forty years. Built by the actor's father after Heston won the Academy Award for best actor in Ben-Hur (1959), the postmodern style home - inside and out - is filled with the memorabilia. Sitting on a table in the back yard is the figure of a Roman, whip in hand, lashing vigorously at four straining horses harnessed to a chariot. Mounted on the entrance of his study are the two great brass ring knockers from the movie set's House of Hur. Hung above the fireplace is a painting of a lumbering Conestoga wagon and, nearby, a pencil sketch of friend Sir Laurence Olivier portraying King Lear. From most windows sparkle views of canyons. In the home's central hallway hang twenty paintings of Heston in signature roles: Ben-Hur, Moses, Richelieu, Michelangelo, the Planet of the Apes (1968) marooned astronaut Commander Taylor, the steel-willed Major Dundee, _Soylent Green (1973)_ detective Thorn, Andrew Jackson in The President's Lady (1953), tough ranch foreman Steve Leech riding through The Big Country (1958), and cattle poke Will Penny from Heston's favorite film.
As President of the NRA, Heston would usually tell his audience in speeches that he had "marched for civil rights long before it became fashionable to do so". In reality he only attended two events, the first in 1961 and then the March on Washington in August 1963.
As a liberal Democrat, Heston opposed McCarthyism and racial segregation, which he saw as only helping the cause of Communism worldwide. He opposed the Vietnam War and considered Richard Nixon a disaster for America.
Once said he wished he had done more for the Civil Rights cause, but the schedules of his films, many of them historical epics that required him to film overseas, prevented him from doing so.
According to Gore Vidal, as recounted in The Celluloid Closet (1995), one of the script elements he was brought in to re-write for Ben-Hur (1959) was the relationship between "Messalah" and "Ben-Hur". Director William Wyler was concerned that two men who had been close friends as youths would not simply hate one another as a result of disagreeing over politics. Thus, Vidal devised a thinly veiled subtext suggesting the Messalah and Ben-Hur had been lovers as teenagers, and their fighting was a result of Ben-Hur spurning Messalah. Wyler was initially hesitant to implement the subtext, but agreed on the conditions that no direct reference ever be made to the characters' sexuality in the script, that Vidal personally discuss the idea with Stephen Boyd, and not mention the subtext to Heston who, Wyler feared, would panic at the idea. After Vidal admitted to adding the homosexual subtext in public, Heston denied the claim, going so far as to suggest Vidal had little input into the final script, and his lack of screen credit was a result of his being fired for trying to add gay innuendo. Vidal rebutted by citing passages from Heston's 1978 autobiography, where the actor admitted that Vidal had authored much of the final shooting script.
He was one of several prominent people to serve on the advisory board of U.S. English, a group that seeks to make English the official language of the United States. Other members include Californian Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and golfer Arnold Palmer.
Professed great respect and admiration for the late actor Gregory Peck, despite their opposing political ideals.
He played three roles after they had been turned down by Burt Lancaster. In 1958 the producers of Ben-Hur (1959) offered Lancaster $1 million to play the title role in their epic, but he turned it down because, as an atheist, he did not want to help promote Christianity. Lancaster also said he disagreed with the "violent morals" of the story. Three years later, in 1961 Lancaster announced his intention to produce a biopic of Michelangelo, in which he would play the title role and show the truth about the painter's homosexuality. However, he was forced to shelve this project due to the five-month filming schedule on Luchino Visconti's masterpiece Gattopardo, Il (1963). Heston starred as Michelangelo in The Agony and the Ecstasy (1965) and even in his autobiography thirty years later was still denying that the painter had been gay, despite all evidence to the contrary. Lancaster also turned down the role of General Gordon in Khartoum (1966).
REPLACE WITH: Was Billy Wilder's first choice for the role of Sefton in Stalag 17 (1953). The role was eventually given to William Holden.
Was sick with the flu during filming of Planet of the Apes (1968). The producers decided to have him act through his illness, even though it was physically grueling, because they felt the hoarse sound of his voice added something to the character. Heston recounted in a diary he kept during filming that he "felt like Hell" during the filming of the scene where his character was forcefully separated from Nova (Linda Harrison), made worse by the impact of the fire hose used on him.
Turned down Rock Hudson's role as the captain of a nuclear submarine in Ice Station Zebra (1968) because he didn't think there was much characterization in the script.
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