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Главная \ Актеры \ Р..У \ Стив Мартин / Steve Martin
Стив Мартин / Steve Martin
Стив Мартин / Steve Martin
14 августа 1945

Место рождения: Вако, Техас, США


Early years
Steve Martin was born in Waco, Texas to Glenn Vernon Martin, a real estate salesman and aspiring actor and Mary Lee Stewart, a housewife. Martin was raised in Garden Grove, California and is of English, Scottish and Irish descent.[1]

As a teenager, Martin started out working at the Magic Shop at Disneyland, where he developed his talents for magic, juggling, playing the banjo and creating balloon animals. He teamed up with friend and Garden Grove High School classmate Kathy Westmoreland to do a musical comedy routine, performing at local coffee houses and at the Bird Cage Theater in Knott's Berry Farm.

Martin majored in philosophy at California State University at Long Beach, and for a while, considered becoming a philosophy professor instead of an actor-comedian. In 1967, he transferred to UCLA and switched his major to theater. Martin soon began working local clubs at night, to mixed notices. At the age of twenty-one, he dropped out of college for good.[2] Martin periodically spoofed his philosophy studies in his 1970s stand-up act, comparing philosophy with studying geology. "If you're studying geology, which is all facts, as soon as you get out of school you forget it all, but philosophy you remember just enough to screw you up for the rest of your life."[3]

While attending college, he appeared in an episode of The Dating Game. Nevertheless, his time there changed his life: "It changed what I believe and what I think about everything. I majored in philosophy. Something about non sequiturs appealed to me. In philosophy, I started studying logic, and they were talking about cause and effect, and you start to realize, 'Hey, there is no cause and effect! There is no logic! There is no anything!' Then it gets real easy to write this stuff, because all you have to do is twist everything hard—you twist the punch line, you twist the non sequitur so hard away from the things that set it up, that it's easy... and it's thrilling."[4]

Martin's girlfriend in 1967 was a dancer on The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour. She helped Martin land a writing job with the show by submitting his work to head writer Mason Williams. Williams initially paid Martin out of his own pocket. Along with the other writers for the show, Martin won an Emmy Award in 1969. Martin also wrote for John Denver (a neighbor of his in Aspen, Colorado at one point), The Glen Campbell Goodtime Hour, and The Sonny and Cher Comedy Hour. He also appeared on these shows and several others, in various comedy skits.

Martin also performed his own material, sometimes as an opening act for groups such as The Nitty Gritty Dirt Band and The Carpenters. He appeared at San Francisco's The Boarding House, among other venues. He continued to write, earning an Emmy nomination for his work on Van Dyke and Company in 1976.

In the mid-1970s, Martin made frequent appearances as a stand-up comedian on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson. That exposure, together with appearances on HBO's On Location and NBC's Saturday Night Live (SNL) (on which, despite a common misconception, he was never a cast member) led to his first of four comedy albums, Let's Get Small. The album was a huge success; one of its tracks, Excuse Me, helped establish a national catch phrase.

His next album, A Wild and Crazy Guy, was an even bigger success, reaching the #2 spot on the sales chart in the U.S. and featured another catch phrase (the album's title), this time based on a Saturday Night Live sketch in which Martin and Dan Aykroyd played a couple of bumbling Czechoslovakian would-be playboys, the Festrunk Brothers. The album ended with a song "King Tut", sung and written by Martin and released as a 45 RPM single during the King Tut craze that accompanied the extremely popular travelling exhibit of the Egyptian king's tomb artifacts; the single reached the top 40 in 1978. The song was backed by the "Toot Uncommons" (they were actually members of the Nitty Gritty Dirt Band). The album was a million seller.

Both albums won Grammys for Best Comedy Recording in 1977 and 1978, respectively.

In his comedy albums, Martin's stand-up comedy was clearly self-referential and sometimes self-mocking. It mixes philosophical riffs with sudden spurts of "happy feet", deft banjo playing with balloon depictions of concepts like venereal disease. His style is off-kilter and ironic and sometimes pokes fun at stand-up comedy traditions. A typical gag might be interrupted for a sip from a glass of water and just as he was about to speak again, he forcefully spits the water onto the floor.

Movie career
By the end of the 1970s, Steve Martin, as a wild and crazy comedian, had acquired the kind of following normally reserved for rock stars, with his tour appearances typically occurring at sold-out arenas filled with tens of thousands of screaming fans. But unknown to his audience, stand-up comedy was "just an accident" for him. His real goal was to get into film.[4]

Martin's first film was a short, The Absent-Minded Waiter (1977). The seven-minute long film, also featuring Buck Henry and Teri Garr, was written by and starred Martin. The film was nominated for an Academy Award as Best Short Film, Live Action. His first feature film appearance was in the musical Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, where he sang the Beatles' "Maxwell's Silver Hammer".

In 1979, Martin wrote and starred in his first full-length movie, The Jerk, directed by Carl Reiner. The movie was a huge success, grossing over $73 million on a budget of far less than that amount.[5]

The success of The Jerk opened more doors for Martin. Stanley Kubrick met with him to discuss the possibility of Martin starring in a screwball comedy version of Traumnovelle (Kubrick later changed his approach to the material, the result of which was 1999's Eyes Wide Shut). Martin was executive producer for Domestic Life, a prime-time television series starring Martin Mull, and a late-night series called Twilight Theater. It emboldened Martin to try his hand at his first serious film, Pennies From Heaven, a movie he was anxious to do because of the desire to avoid being typecast. To prepare for that film, Martin took acting lessons from the director, Herbert Ross and spent months learning how to tap dance. The film was a financial failure; Martin's comment at the time was "I don't know what to blame, other than it's me and not a comedy."

Martin was in three more Reiner-directed comedies after The Jerk: Dead Men Don't Wear Plaid in 1982, The Man with Two Brains in 1983 and All of Me in 1984, which remains perhaps the most critically lauded performance of his career. In 1986, Martin joined fellow Saturday Night Live veterans Martin Short and Chevy Chase in ¡Three Amigos!, directed by John Landis, and written by Martin, Lorne Michaels, and Randy Newman. It was originally entitled The Three Caballeros and Martin was to be teamed with Dan Aykroyd and John Belushi.

In 1986, Martin was in the musical film version of the hit off-Broadway play Little Shop of Horrors (based on a famous B-movie), as a sadistic dentist, Orin Scrivello. The film also marked the first of three films teaming Martin with actor Rick Moranis.

In 1987, Martin joined comedian John Candy in the John Hughes movie, Planes, Trains & Automobiles. That same year, the Cyrano de Bergerac adaptation Roxanne, a film Martin co-wrote, won him a Writers Guild of America award and more importantly, the recognition from Hollywood and the public that he was more than a comedian. In 1988, he did Dirty Rotten Scoundrels acting alongside Michael Caine and directed by Frank Oz.

Martin starred in the Ron Howard film, Parenthood, with Rick Moranis in 1989. He later met with Moranis to make the mob comedy My Blue Heaven in 1990. In 1991, Martin starred in and wrote L.A. Story and was a member of the ensemble existentialist tragedy Grand Canyon that were both about life in Los Angeles. In a serious role, Martin played a tightly wound Hollywood film producer trying to recover from a traumatic robbery that left him injured.

In David Mamet's 1997 thriller, The Spanish Prisoner, Martin played a darker role as a wealthy stranger who takes a suspicious interest in the work of a young businessman (Campbell Scott). In 1999, Martin and Goldie Hawn starred in a remake of the 1970 Neil Simon comedy, The Out-of-Towners. 2003 had Steve Martin ranked 4th on the box office stars list, after co-starring in Bringing Down The House and starring in Cheaper By The Dozen, each of which earned over $130 million at U.S. theaters. Both were family comedies.

In 2005, Martin wrote and starred in Shopgirl, based on his own novella. Martin played a wealthy businessman who strikes up a romance with a Saks 5th Avenue counter girl (Claire Danes). He also starred in Cheaper by the Dozen 2 that year. Martin's latest work was in the 2006 installment of The Pink Panther, starring as the bumbling Inspector Clouseau.

He will be lending his voice for DreamWorks Animations upcoming film Kung Fu Panda along with Jack Black, Ian McShane, Dustin Hoffman, Jackie Chan, Daniel Craig and Lucy Liu.

Other work
Throughout the 1990s, after Tina Brown took over The New Yorker, Martin wrote various pieces for the magazine. They later appeared in the collection Pure Drivel. He appeared in a version of Waiting for Godot as Vladimir (with Robin Williams as Estragon).

In 1993, Martin wrote the play Picasso at the Lapin Agile, which had a successful run in several American cities. In 1998, Martin guest starred on an episode of The Simpsons titled Trash of the Titans, providing the voice for sanitation commissioner Ray Patterson. In 2001, Martin hosted the 73rd Annual Academy Awards. Also in 2001, he played banjo on Earl Scruggs' remake of "Foggy Mountain Breakdown". Martin called fellow comedian and banjo player Billy Connolly to tell him, prompting the cry of "you lucky bugger!!" Connolly's wife thought he was referring to Martin being chosen as the Oscar's host. The recording was the winner of the Best Country Instrumental Performance category at the following year's Grammys. In 2002, Martin adapted the Carl Sternheim play The Underpants, which ran Off-Broadway at Classic Stage Company. In 2003, Martin hosted the Academy Awards for the second time.

In 2005, Martin hosted a film along with Donald Duck, Disneyland: The First 50 Magical Years, which showed at Disneyland until the end of Disneyland's 50th anniversary celebration in September 2006. Martin was also honoured in 2005 with a Disney Legend award, acknowledging Martin's early career at Disneyland and connections with The Walt Disney Company throughout his career.

Martin has guest-hosted Saturday Night Live 14 times, more than any other person. He is one of the few hosts to have a "Best of" compilation DVD of his skits, along with Tom Hanks, Alec Baldwin and Christopher Walken. Martin has also written two novellas, Shopgirl and The Pleasure of My Company. Shopgirl was later turned into a film (see above).

In a 2005 poll to find The Comedian's Comedian, Martin was voted one of the top 15 greatest comedy acts ever by fellow comedians and comedy insiders. On October 23, 2005, Martin was presented with the Mark Twain Prize for American Humor.

Early in Martin's career he developed a character entitled "The Great Flydini". This magician would produce eggs and light candles from his open zipper found on his dress slacks. Even an opera singing hand puppet would make an appearance. Much of Steve Martin's comedy styling would be influenced by the actor, comedian, magician Carl Ballantine. Carl performed at the opening of Disneyland and young Steve Martin would watch his performances closely.

Art collection
Martin is an avid art collector, particularly modern American art, and a trustee of the Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Martin's personal collection has at one time included the art of Georgia O'Keeffe, John Henry Twachtman, Richard Diebenkorn, Po Shun Leong, Willem de Kooning, Franz Kline, Cy Twombly, Helen Frankenthaler, Edward Hopper, David Hockney, Roy Lichtenstein and Pablo Picasso.

In 2005, The Huntington Library in San Marino, California announced that Martin had pledged US$1 million over five years for the museum's American art collection.[6]

Three-quarters of the gift will be used for exhibitions, with the remainder being used for acquisitions. Before he made his pledge, Martin loaned paintings to the museum, helped it acquire a sculpture by John Gregory, and sponsored an exhibition of "sugar paintings" by 19th century American artist Eastman Johnson. Jessica Todd Smith, the museum's American art curator, said Martin became an "enthusiastic" supporter of The Huntington after he visited the museum in 2002 while filming a movie nearby.

Is an accomplished banjo player and appears playing the instrument in Earl Scruggs and Friends video for "Foggy Mountain Breakdown," for which he won a Grammy for Best Country Instrumental Performance. This makes him rare in that he has won Grammies for both comedy and music.

Stanley Kubrick liked his work in The Jerk (1979) and once considered having him play Bill Harford in Eyes Wide Shut (1999); the role that later went to Tom Cruise.

Dated Anne Heche.

Is a trustee of the Los Angeles Museum of Art, and collects the art of Georgia O'Keeffe, Richard Diebenkorn, Willem de Kooning, Franz Kline, Cy Twombly, Helen Frankenthaler, Edward Hopper, David Hockney, Roy Lichtenstein, and Pablo Picasso.

Born at 5:54am-CST or CDT.

He is in the horn section of B.B. King's "In The Midnight Hour" music video.

Studied philosophy at California State University at Long Beach, and for a while, considered becoming a philosophy professor instead of an actor-comedian. He periodically spoofed his philosophy studies in his 1970s stand-up act, such as comparing Philosophy with studying Geology - "If you're studying Geology, which is all facts, as soon as you get out of school you forget it all, but Philosophy you remember just enough to screw you up for the rest of your life.".

Once had a job at Disneyland in the Magic Shop on Main Street, USA. He also worked for neighboring amusement park Knott's Berry Farm as a comedian in their "Birdcage Theatre." It was during these jobs that he honed his skills in live performance, such as improv comedy, banjo playing, juggling, and lassoing.

Graduated from Garden Grove High School in 1963. He attended Rancho Alamitos High School in the beginning of his high school career, but then Garden Grove opened. At that point he lived in the attendance area that went to Grove and had to start going there. He was also a cheerleader at Rancho and often did his King Tut dance.

Contrary to popular belief, Martin was never a cast member on "Saturday Night Live" (1975). However, he holds the records for guest appearances (25) on the show (followed closely by Buck Henry), hosting (at 14 times, he sets the standard for the SNL "Five Timers Club"), and hosting in a single season (3). He is also the only person to have hosted a season premiere, a season finale, and a Christmas show.

Hosted the 75th Annual Academy Awards.

He is a fan of "Monty Python's Flying Circus" (1969). This led to him being the host/narrator of the documentary Parrot Sketch Not Included: Twenty Years of Monty Python (1989) (TV).

As a vegetarian, he made fun of hot dogs in his 1970s stand-up act; a joke about hot dogs appears on his 1979 album "Comedy Is Not Pretty".

His study of philosophy was a source of much of his material for his 1970s standup act.

2003: Was listed as #50 in People Magazine's "50 Most Beautiful People" List.

Played the banjo in his guest appearance on the "The Muppet Show" (1976).

Was voted Most Talented by his classmates at Garden Grove high school.

Chosen as #6 in Comedy Central's 100 Greatest Stand-Ups of All Time

Is skilled with a rope or lasso and did his own rope work in ¡Three Amigos! (1986). He also plays the harmonica.

At his insistence, the 1987-1988 season premiere of "Saturday Night Live" (1975) (hosted by Martin) went on, despite the fact that there hadn't been a dress rehearsal. There was a fire in a nearby studio and the cast and crew were evacuated from Rockefeller Center just before dress rehearsal was scheduled to begin.

Was listed as a potential nominee on both the 2004 and 2007 Razzie Award nominating ballots. He was listed as a suggestion in the Worst Actor category for the films Bringing Down the House (2003) and Cheaper by the Dozen (2003), and in the Worst Supporting Actor category for his role in Looney Tunes: Back in Action (2003) on the 2004 ballot. He was suggested again three years later in the Worst Actor category on the 2007 ballot for his performance in The Pink Panther (2006), but he failed to receive any one of these nominations. He is still yet to be nominated for a Razzie Award.

Attended Lampson Intermediate School (now Ralston Intermediate) in Garden Grove, California.

2005: Recipient of the 8th annual Mark Twain Prize for American Humor, awarded by the Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts.

Has worked with actor 'Eugene Levy' on four different films, Father of the Bride (1991), Father of the Bride Part II (1995), Bringing Down the House (2003) and Cheaper by the Dozen 2 (2005).

His performance as "Navin Johnson" in The Jerk (1979) was ranked #99 among Premiere Magazine's list of the 100 Greatest Film Performances of All Time (2006).

Was considered for the role of "Willy Wonka" in the movie Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (2005).

Is a fan of "Doctor Who" (1963).

His performance as "Navin Johnson" in The Jerk (1979) is ranked #66 on Premiere Magazine's 100 Greatest Movie Characters of All Time.

Says his favorite movie of his own is Planes, Trains & Automobiles (1987).

November 2005: A production of his play "The Underpants" was directed by Brian Barney for Bruka Theatre, Reno, NV.

Is a member of Mensa, as are James Woods, Ben Rollins.

Like 'Weird Al' Yankovic, did a satire sketch of Michael Jackson's "Billie Jean" music video on "The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson" (1962).

Was on an episode of "The Dating Game" (1965) before he was famous in 1966. He won a date with an old friend named Marscha Walker, whom he had not seen in three years.

Lists British television (especially the comedies) as his biggest influence.

Fell into depression for a couple of months when his good friend John Candy died.

Appeared on "The Dating Game" (1965) twice in the late 1960s. He won both times and wore the same shirt and jacket.

Is a fan of the animated series "Dave the Barbarian" (2004).

Went to the same college--Cal State Long Beach--as Frank Miranda.

After inviting friends including Tom Hanks, Diane Keaton and Eugene Levy to a dinner party, he married his longtime girlfriend Anne Stringfield in a surprise ceremony at their Los Angeles home.

His wife is a writer for The New Yorker.

2007: Best man during his wedding to Anne Stringfield was Lorne Michaels, creator of "Saturday Night Live" (1975).

Wore his Inspector Clouseau mustache during his 2007 wedding because he is reprising his role for the upcoming sequel to The Pink Panther (2006).

The first interview he did after his second wedding, he stated that during the ceremony he felt that the spirits of two of his closest friends who are now deceased, Jon Pertwee and John Candy, were there.

He is a huge fan of British comedian David Walliams.

Claims to have met all 10 actors who have played Doctor Who. Out of all of them he states Jon Pertwee was the kindest and William Hartnell was the quietest. He won't state who was the meanest.

Has a sister named Melinda.

Even though during his stand up days he said he was a "wild and crazy guy", in real life he is actually quite shy and quiet.

2007: Recipient of the Kennedy Center Honors. Other recipients that year were Leon Fleisher, Diana Ross, Martin Scorsese, and Brian Wilson.

Attended Jon Pertwee's funeral.

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